East Asia has dominated the global steel industry for decades. With global prices now being set by war and new major exporters, is its influence now waning or will it return as a dominant force later this year? Developing markets in Southeast and South Asia are now leading global steel demand growth. China is at a turning point in its economic history, with profound implications for steel. Weaker demand is being matched by weaker production, but will restraints continue indefinitely? Meanwhile, will India’s new wave of capacity lead to a new wave of exports? In this case, will demand growth in Southeast and South Asia be enough to absorb the excess, considering their own expanding capacity?
The last two years have seen raw materials markets in turmoil as shortages and trade disruptions have first sent prices spiralling higher. This was interrupted by their collapse on the back of sharp cutbacks in Chinese production, but the Russian invasion of Ukraine has again sent markets into turmoil. Trade has also had a tumultuous few years with the US-China showdown, Covid, freight rate surges and a range of new restrictions on exports and imports for various products, as well as the new impact of sanctions on Russia. New export giants may be developing in South Asia, with India looking more like China circa 2005. Amid all this, new trade frameworks are developing as the WTO loses influence and competing trading blocs evolve. Competition and protectionism are important drivers which could dramatically shape steel trade flows in the coming years.
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Tathya provides near real-time insights on the global supply chain of metal commodities. They monitor different aspects of the supply chain ranging from mines, ports to mills and smelters. They provide near real-time information related to how much production is happening at steel mills/copper smelters, inventory at ports and mining activity at mines. Tathya uses machine learning on alternative data sets like satellite images to monitor the largest number of assets related to steel and raw materials like iron-ore and coal giving a comprehensive view of the ferrous supply chain. They are expanding to other critical commodities such as copper, aluminum, nickel, lithium, molybdenum and other rare earth metals.
Since its establishment in 1928, NASS has been successfully working to promote the interests of steel service centres throughout the UK. NASS is the only trade association covering the whole of the UK steel stockholding industry. NASS members supply steel to UK manufacturing and are a vital link in the supply chain from producer to customer, handling some 8 million tonnes of steel a year, principally to the construction, automotive and engineering industries.
ME Steel https://www.mesteel.com/start.htm
MESTEEL is a Middle East b2b steel portal, providing buyers and sellers with, an in-depth database, steel offers, inquiries, news, jobs, information, events.
The Indian Steel Association https://indsteel.org/
The Indian Steel Association (ISA) is the voice of India’s robust and growing steel industry. ISA came to life to create a conducive environment for steel production in the country and has since worked towards representing the interests of the Indian steel ecosystem both nationally and at international forums. As a not-for-profit society, ISA proudly shoulders the responsibility of communicating the views of its constituents to all stakeholders in the steel production supply chain. It remains at the forefront of all policy deliberations and contributes to decision-making in the area of public and regulatory policy, raw material sourcing, global trade, technology, environmental concerns, and the entire range of issues related to steel making, steel consumption and steel usage. As the world’s second largest steel producing country, India is leading the way and so is ISA.
Steel Mint www.steelmint.com
SteelMint is a premier price reporting agency and market intelligence provider of the Indian and global iron and steel industry with 600+ commodity price assessments across 30+ countries. It's the most trusted platform for people to get the latest news and in-depth insights, commodity prices that follow IOSCO principles, industry statistics figures (capacity, production, imports-exports, consumption etc.) and key industrial outlook reports that help them take informed decisions.
Association partner: Steel Exporters' Association http://www.cib.org.tr/en/
Steel Exporters' Association is a non-profit business organization of more than 1250 companies representing the largest steel producers and exporters in the Turkish steel industry. It carries on its operations with the aim of increasing the export potential of the Turkish steel industry and paves the way for Turkish steel producers/exporters, with main objective to foster and attain sustainable global steel market based on free and fair trade. The Association also solves the problems of its member companies face at home and abroad, provides contact between members and foreign importers in order to ease the export processes, serves up-to-date domestic and global market news, reports and analyses. To learn more about the Turksh Steel Exporters Association please visit: www.cib.org.tr
Japan Metal Daily https://www.japanmetaldaily.com/
Japan Metal Daily (Tekko Shimbun, JMD) is the largest Japanese daily newspaper focusing on Steel and Non-ferrous metal industries. While we
are based in Japan, our reporting is not limited to Japan but also events occurring in Asia and other regions, such as global alliances between corporations, especially Kallanish.
The Philippine Iron and Steel Institute (PISI) shall be the premiere organization that is recognized by the government as representing the country’s iron and steel industry and it shall be the vital catalyst to bring about a sustainable and globally competitive domestic capability to produce and manufacture iron and steel products in the Philippines.
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Aameer Sayed, India Journalist, Kallanish interviewed Alok Sahay, Secretary General, Indian Steel Association ahead of the Kallanish Asia Steel Markets Conference 2022.
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East Asia’s domination of the global steel industry may be waning, but does the current supply crisis following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine hasten or delay this trend? Developing markets in Southeast and South Asia are now leading global steel demand growth, and emerging regions have a chance to shine as stimulus packages are rolled out. Skyrocketing global steel pries however are leaving these markets as price takers. The sudden drop off in supply from Russia and Ukraine has boosted prices for regional exporters, including in China, India and within Southeast Asia, but end user demand is being constrained as soaring energy and commodity prices bring demand destruction in their wake. In the midst of all of this, China is at a turning point in its economic history, with profound implications for steel. Weaker demand is being matched by weaker production, but ongoing crises are pressuring China towards further stimulus.
Who will gain most from soaring prices and supply disruptions?
How will peak Chinese steel affect the rest of the region?
How will trade flows shift as capacity investments come online?
Will the region emerge smoothly from the pandemic?
Will Southeast Asia become a target for agressive exports as globilization retreats?
Although capacity investments have shifted from East Asia to the South and Southeast, Asia remains the key driver of global investment. After constant complaints of global overcapacity, global markets now seen extremely tight. Does this short term shock justify long term investments? With climate change and other environmental issues becoming more important, are current investments the right ones? Does the looming economic crisis mean an end to regulatory pressures on the environment, or will they be tightened? We are already seeing new carbon border taxes and steelmakers charging carbon emissions surcharges. Will these measures survive the rush to find any available energy source? Does China point the way with its peaking capacity and shift towards EAFs? Or is something more radical needed? Demand remains the key driver of investment, so will this trump environmental concerns? Will India’s new wave of capacity lead to a new wave of exports, and how much more steel can Southeast Asia take as it too builds up its domestic production capacities?
The global need to confront climate change and other ESG issues will require changes in how normal business operates. Tracing carbon footprints through the value chain has led the way in these technologies, but accurate sourcing in an increasingly divided world may have growing regulatory importance. These changes will affect the entire value chain and require new forms of accounting to ensure key metrics, such as emissions reductions, can be proved and add value. Alongside this, the digitisation of more processes, including trade and finance, allow for enhanced monitoring of ESG issues. With growing trade policies linking costs to emissions, and growing consumer demands that the social and environmental impacts of the products they buy are fully documented, companies will need to keep up to date with developments in order to maintain the value of their trade and avoid being cut out of some markets.
The last two years have seen raw materials markets in turmoil as shortages and trade disruptions have sent prices spiraling higher. Now war in Ukraine has triggered another jump in prices and stimulus in China means further increases could be sustained. Long term forecasts however still point to much lower prices. Will that downturn in raw materials prices come, and when? Will supply shortages bridge a gap until rising demand from emerging markets can make up for some of the reduced demand from current importing giants? Will changes in production technologies leave some materials in the dust while price rises focus on key product groups?
What does China’s slowdown mean for raw materials prices?
How long will the Russia-Ukraine war disrupt markets?
Will iron ore and scrap markets be redefined by environmental concerns?
Will the post-Covid world see more or less resource nationalism?
Trade has had a tumultuous few years with the US-China showdown, Covid, freight rate surges and a range of new restrictions on exports and imports for various products. Now the war in Ukraine and solidifying geopolitical divisions are further readjusting market flows. Fundamental shifts still drive flows however and the shift in demand trends in China continues to have a strong pull on international markets as it periodically moves between imports and exports. New export giants may be developing in South Asia, with India looking more like China circa 2005. Amid all this, new trade frameworks are developing as the WTO loses influence and competing trading blocs evolve. Competition and protectionism are important drivers which could dramatically shape steel trade flows in the coming years.
Will trade remain global or become more regional?
Will India replace China as the dominant Asian exporter?
Will nationalism and protectionism trump free trade?
How can the industry protect itself in such volatile times?
Kallanish analyses and interrogates some of the key issues from the conference, taking a view across all sessions to give the big picture for the region’s steel industry. In an open discussion between the moderators and the conference delegates we try to get to the bottom of the key themes.
Agenda last updated on 26th April 2022.
Alok is a steel industry veteran with nearly 38 years of varied experience in the steel industry. His experience includes training at British Steel and tenure as visiting fellow at Queen Elizabeth House, Oxford University. Alok has been at the forefront in ensuring trade remedial measures are put in place especially when the Indian steel industry went through a rough patch in 2015-2016. He has worked closely with the steel industry & the Government as one of the core industry representatives to advocate on trade related matters at national and international forums. Alok has all through championed the cause of the Steel industry. He also represented India at the first meeting of Global Forum on Steel Excess Capacity (GFSEC) held in Paris. In his previous stint at the Steel Authority of India (SAIL) he was instrumental in bringing together R&D establishments of SAIL, the Defence Ministry and other Government units to ensure critical import substitution of products within defence manufacturing. These efforts led to successful launching of fully indigenous warships and warranted that India moves towards Aatmanirbharta in steel requirement for the defence sector.
Kazuo Fujisawa joined NKK Corporation in 1982 and has held management positions in sales, engineering and in an assistant role to CEOs. After NKK merged with Kawasaki Steel to create JFE Steel in 2003, he has held positions in the Corporate Planning Department and Overseas Business Planning Dept. He was on the committees and the Board of Directors of California Steel Industries from 2003 to 2016. He is the member of worldsteel’s Communication Committee and Economic Committee. He has spoken at a number of steel conferences around the world. He graduated from Seattle University, USA and from Sophia University, Japan.
Melati Sarnita was born in Padang, on March 17, 1977. She graduated with a Master’s in Business Administration from Gadjah Mada University and a bachelor’s degree in Metallurgical Engineering from University of Indonesia. Melati currently holds the position of Commercial Director at PT Krakatau Steel (Persero) Tbk, since 2019-2020 she began her journey as Business Development Director. Throughout her 22 years professional career, Melati has experience across the Oil and Gas Industry, with skills and expertise in commercial and operations for Natural Gas, LNG and LPG.
Hu Hongsheng is Director of Scrap Department at Fubao Information Company, Head of Fubao Scrap Research Team and Scrap Data Products. Hu Hongsheng has been engaged in bulk commodity and scrap industry research for more than ten years.
Tang is in charge of the import and export business of HBIS International Trading Company, especially the imports of raw materials.
Collin has worked for many years for Yonggang, a major long product mill in eastern China. He has extensive experience in the export of Chinese long products, especially the international trade of wire rods.
Yong Mei yan is an experienced Base metal trader having extensive and in-depth connections with both China, South East Asia and European clients. She has worked for major International and Chinese trading houses having a wide exposure to Copper, Ferronickel and Ferroalloys adapting to various situations, cultures and trading conditions having worked in both China and Germany. Yong Mei is good in trading, market developing, making strategies and managing deals between various counterparties across various geographical regions, having moved cargo from Beira, Mozambique, Democratic Republic of Congo, South America and Indonesia. Yong Mei now works for Metals-Hub as a Regional Sales Director Asia
Rahul brings extensive experience in multiple markets to his role as Head of Projects Planning & Corporate Development at General Nice Resources Group, and previously with the affiliated Abterra Resources. Goel has been based throughout Asia, Europe, the Middle East and Australia. He is also a Director for the India-based companies of GNR and has previously sat on the board as Executive Director for the ASX listed Pluton Resources limited (PLV) and Non-Executive director for Irvine island Finance Corporation Ltd. He is currently based in Hong Kong and his responsibilities include the operations and development relating to trade and investment in the coal, coke, iron ore and steel sectors with a primary sales focus in the Chinese market. He is also a Director at Capital Investment Partners, in Australia and Canada, who have some significant positions in some Canadian mining assets. Prior to General Nice Group, Goel served at Adani Group as senior trader for iron ore, steel and scrap business. Goel is a commerce graduate and also holds an MBA degree in marketing with specialization in International Business.
Anurag spent circa 25 years at Tata Steel, Noble Group and Caravel Group, in the international trade of Dry Bulk Commodities, both physical and derivatives, mainly in steel raw materials and thermal coal, as well as shipping and asset management. After stepping back from active involvement in the sector, Anurag is now involved with early-stage tech start-ups, sharing domain knowledge and experience.
Kelvin Fu is the Managing Partner at Gunung Capital. Based in Singapore, Gunung Capital is a private investment management company focused on impact investments guided by environmental, social, and governance frameworks. His responsibilities include deal sourcing, structuring, analysis, and portfolio management across the company’s investments in infrastructure-related industries, building materials, commodities, sustainability, and impact-linked projects especially in the decarbonization and carbon credit industries. Kelvin was instrumental in charting and implementing the change management at various portfolio companies which involved the transformation of business goals, processes and technologies. This has resulted in a significant turnaround at the businesses from a loss-making to record profits. In particular, he was instrumental in the change management at Gunung Raja Paksi, Indonesia’s largest privately owned steel company. Kelvin is a graduate of the National University of Singapore (Bachelor of Social Science in Political Science), Macquarie University (Masters of Applied Finance) and the Johns Hopkins Carey Business School (M.B.A.).
Li Xinchuang has served in many roles previously including those approved by the State Council. He was Professor Senior Engineer, Vice Secretary-General of China Iron & Steel Association (CISA), President and Chief Engineer of China Metallurgical Industry Planning and Research Institute (MPI), and Director of Technical Economics Branch of the Chinese Society for Metals.
Yeoh Wee-Jin is the Secretary General of the South East Asia Iron and Steel Institute (SEAISI), which has its Headquarters in Singapore. He has been working in the steel business for about 20 years, which includes general management of regional steel downstream operations. In addition, he also has extensive experience in corporate strategy, project feasibility studies, M&A, market research & analysis and government relations. He has a wide knowledge of the ASEAN steel market as well as industry experience in the various countries where he managed the business units or conducted various researches in. He has also actively participated in SEAISI activities at regional as well as at ASEAN government level for a number of years in the past. Other businesses he has been operating in also includes environmental businesses and internet-related business. Wee Jin holds a Bachelor of Engineering (Civil) degree from the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (Melbourne, Australia), a Graduate Diploma in Computing Studies from the University of Canberra and a Master of Business Administration from the Australian Graduate School Management at the University of New South Wales, Australia.
Andrew has had a diverse career in international commodities spanning more than 25 years in a variety of disciplines with both physical trading houses & financial institutions. An entrepreneur by nature, he is an acknowledged leader & business developer, creating sustainable value across the agriculture, energy & mineral resource chains. He brings this experience to the Viridios team that is passionate about the significant contribution potential that voluntary carbon markets (VCM) have to global decarbonisation, while also recognising charismatic additionality through the ESG components of each project as defined by the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We believe that to embrace diverse and inclusive participation of corporates and others throughout the VCM ecosystem, we need to evolve from pricing opacity to transparency for fair value recognition in transactions. Viridios has developed and deployed AI technology to achieve this. We look forward to the next leap forward for the VCM ecosystem together and to benefit all.
Gorkem received his master's degree in Management of Business Administration in 2002 from La Salle University, Philadelphia, USA. He started his career in the US, working in multinational companies such as Saint Gobain. Later, he went on to work in the stock market fortune 500 company SEI Investments as a mutual fund trader in the US. In 2005, he took a challenge in the steel industry and started to work for steel producers as an executive for export markets. Then, he was appointed as a director of the steel desk of LN metals, a commodity trading company in London. In 2012, Gorkem founded Galex Steel International -- a trading house mainly focused on flat steel products and exports to Europe, Turkey, South America, Middle East and Far East. Galex represents reputable government and private mills from China, India and Turkey on regional or project basis. The company covers global markets through its offices in Turkey, China, India and Russia.
Rajiv has a Bachelor of Engineering (Honors) Degree in Metallurgy from University of Roorkee (now IIT Roorkee) and Post Graduate Diploma in Business Management from XLRI Jamshedpur. He has done Advance Management Programme from CEDEP (INSEAD, France) and has completed Director Certification Program from Institute of Directors Thailand. Over the previous 32 years, he has worked in manufacturing, planning, marketing and sales of steel. In the past, he has held various positions like Business Head for Steel Tubes, Steel Wires and Wire Rod Mill at Tata Steel. Currently he is posted as President & CEO of Tata Steel (Thailand) Pcl. The listed company is engaged in manufacturing long steel products at 3 manufacturing sites in Thailand with a capacity of 1.7 million tons per annum. Rajiv resides with his family in Bangkok.
Baldev is dual qualified in Singapore and England with more than 15 years of international experience across the world’s leading global law firms. He was previously at UK Energy specialist law firm, Ashurst LLP and US arbitration heavyweight, White & Case, before he set-up Blackstone & Gold in 2019 as Singapore’s first energy and commodities law firm. Baldev is a leading expert in O&G and Commodities and advises on all aspects of the supply chain from trading and trade finance arrangements to international recoveries and arbitration. He is a leading name in trade fraud cases and his views have been featured in the Singapore Business Times, Bloomberg, CNBC, CNA and the Financial Times. He is a regular speaker at the Financial Times Asian Commodities Conference alongside industry titans and ministers as well as a contributing writer to the Singapore Business Times.
Ian is a highly regarded industry analyst, with over 20 years experience in metals, starting at CRU in London. Since 2003 Ian was based in Shanghai, China initially with Steel Business Briefing and then Macquarie, before a five-year stint at Rio Tinto running their iron ore analysis. Since 2010 Ian worked as a sell-side analyst with CLSA, Macquarie and others based in Shanghai and Singapore and continues to bring his leading-edge thoughts on the markets as an unbiased independent analyst.
Arnoud is the CEO of Minehub Technologies Inc (TSXV:MHUB). He is one of the pioneers in the intersection of commodity supply chains, finance, and enterprise blockchain technology. Prior to joining Minehub, he was the Innovation lead for Commodities at ING Bank where he led the cross-industry initiative ‘Easy Trading Connect” that spawned some of the leading blockchain platforms for post-trade processing of physical commodity transactions. Arnoud is an all-round executive with tech DNA, and has over 20 years experience in strategy execution, enterprise transformation and “blue chip” startups. After obtaining a master’s degree in Computer Science in the Netherlands, he lived and worked across Europe, Asia and Oceania.
Derek is the Head of Research at Simpson Spence Young (SSY), one of the largest shipbroking organisations in the world, which has specialist teams working in 18 offices across the globe. Derek coordinates SSY’s analysis of the shipping markets and, in addition to staff based in SSY’s London office, is also responsible for research staff in Singapore. The focus of Derek’s analysis is the dry bulk shipping sector, where he specialises in trade flow analysis and fleet developments.
Aameer covers the Indian and Pakistani steel markets at Kallanish and joined the team in July 2021. He has an MBA with specialisation in marketing and human resource management. He previously worked with Ernst and Young LLP as an analyst in indirect taxation and spent three years with SteelMint India covering the Iranian and Indian steel industries. Aameer can speak English, Urdu, Hindi and is currently learning Farsi.
Tomas is the Managing Editor Asia for Kallanish and produces editorial content on the region, with a focus on China, as well as overseeing Kallanish's operations in East Asia. He is based in Shanghai, where he has lived and worked for the last six years. Tomas speaks Mandarin as well as English and Spanish. He has also spent three years in Beijing studying and working. Previously, Tomas worked at Steel Business Briefing, where he joined shortly after graduating with a masters degree in Asian politics from SOAS in London.
Anna Low has covered the South East Asian steel and metals industries since the 1990s. Before joining Kallanish in September 2017, Anna was with Platts and before that, she was with Steel Business Briefing and metal Bulletin. While she has witnessed and tracked so many cycles in the steel markets, no two days are ever the same. Writing steel news and assessing prices are a huge part of who she is. Anna enjoys the work very much especially interacting with the key industry players and participants over these past 20 something years.
Asia Steel Markets 2022 Attendees
|Akcelik Iron and Steel Inc.||General Manager||Turkey|
|Barclays||Equity Analyst||United Kingdom|
|BHP Billiton International Trading (Shanghai) Co.,Ltd||Manager Steel and Nonferrous Analysis||China|
|BlackStone & Gold LLC||Managing Director||Singapore|
|Borusan Mannesmann||Board Member||Turkey|
|CA SHIPPING HOLDINGS|
|Cetin Civata||Chairman of the Board||Turkey|
|China-Base Ningbo Foreign Trade CO.,LTD||Manager||China|
|China Metallurgical Planning and Research Institute||President||China|
|Cornèr Banca SA||Head of Trade Finance||Switzerland|
|DANIELI||Strategy analysis management||China|
|Dao Fortune Co Ltd||Business Manager||China|
|Diler Dis Ticaret||Board Member||Turkey|
|EASTERNSTEEL SDN.BHD||Sales Manager|
|Ekinciler Iron and Steel Co.||Executive Board Member||Turkey|
|Elemar Sdn Bhd||Director||Malaysia|
|Erciyas Celik Boru San. A.Ş.||President||Turkey|
|Erdemir||Marketing & Sales Director||Turkey|
|ETOP METAL / XINXI||purchasing representative||Taiwan|
|Farnborough Engineering Consultants Ltd||Principal Consultant||United Kingdom|
|Gang lu Iron&steel|
|GDH Zhongyue (Zhongshan) Tinplate Industry Co., Ltd.||Sales manageer||China|
|General Nice Resources||Head, Projects Planning & Business Development||Hong Kong|
|Gunung Capital||Managing Partner||Indonesia|
|HBIS||Global Trade Manager||China|
|İÇDAŞ Dis Ticaret A.Ş||Chairman||Turkey|
|IDOM Consulting, Engineering, Architecture, S.A.U.||China Business Development Manager||Spain|
|Indian Steel Association||Deputy Manager- Technical||India|
|Indian Steel Association||Secretary-General||India|
|Indian Steel Association||Deputy Secretary-General||India|
|Indian Steel Association||Director - Regulatory & Policy||India|
|Indian Steel Association||Communication Manager||India|
|Indian Steel Association||Senior Executive||India|
|International Iron Metallics Association||Secretary General||United Kingdom|
|Ispat Industries Ltd. Beijing Representative Office||China|
|Jefferies (Japan) Limited||Manager||Japan|
|JFE Steel Corporation||Principal - Global Business Planning Development||Japan|
|JFE Steel Corporation||Staff Deputy General Manager, Corporate Planning Department||Japan|
|John Cockerrill||Business Development Manager||Taiwan|
|Kallanish||Marketing Executive||United Kingdom|
|Kallanish Consulting Services||Consultant||Singapore|
|Kibar dis ticaret a.s.||Board Member and General Manager||Turkey|
|Korea Iron & Steel Association||Analyst||South Korea|
|Kroman Celik||Board Member||Turkey|
|LMS Reinforcing Steel Group||Commodity Manager||United States|
|Marubeni-Itochu Steel Inc.||Officer - Hot Rolled Coil Sec.-Ⅰ, Overseas Steel Sheets Dept., Iron & Steel Division - Ⅱ||Japan|
|Marubeni-Itochu Steel Inc.||Officer - Hot Rolled Coil Sec.-Ⅰ, Overseas Steel Sheets Dept., Iron & Steel Division - Ⅱ||Japan|
|Metalman Exim (S) Pte Ltd||Director||Singapore|
|Millennium Team||Commercial director||Serbia|
|MVM OVIT Zrt.||Procurement expert||Hungary|
|Nanjing Iron and Steel, Korea||Director||South Korea|
|NASS||Director General||United Kingdom|
|Nedri Spanstaal BV||CEO||Netherlands|
|Ngoc Anh Steel||Director||Vietnam|
|NSK Bearings Polska||Data analyst – Project Buyer||Poland|
|NUSTEEL Singapore Pte Ltd||Vice President||Singapore|
|Paul Wurth Vietnam Co. Ltd.||Assistant General Director||Vietnam|
|PT Krakatau Steel||Commercial Director||Indonesia|
|PT Krakatau Steel||PA to Melati Sarnita||Malaysia|
|PT Krakatau Steel (Persero) Tbk||Staff Expert||Indonesia|
|PT Krakatau Steel (Persero) Tbk||Vice President||Indonesia|
|Rio Tinto||Senior Analyst, Market Analysis, Steel & Raw Materials||India|
|Rio Tinto||Manager Market Analysis||Singapore|
|Rio Tinto Singapore||Manager||Singapore|
|SEASI||Assistant Manager, Sales & Marketing||Malaysia|
|SEASI||Senior Technical Manager||Indonesia|
|Snop MT Stahl GmbH||Manager Purchasing||Germany|
|SOMAL Sac San ve Tic Ltd Sti||Managing Partner||Turkey|
|South East Asia Iron and Steel Institute||Manager||Malaysia|
|SSAB Europe||Director Business Development||Spain|
|SSY Consultancy & Research||Senior Director||United Kingdom|
|Steel Centre Philippines, Inc||Vice President - Operations||Philippines|
|Steelco Pacific Trading||Hong Kong|
|Steelinvest group||Director - Asia||Singapore|
|Tata Steel (Thailand) Public Company Limited||President & CEO||Thailand|
|Tathya Earth||Advisor||Hong Kong|
|Teck Resources Limited Shanghai office||Manager||China|
|Tekko Shimbun Corp (Japan Metal Daily)||Chief Investigator Overseas Marketing||Japan|
|Tezcan Galvaniz||Commercial Director||Turkey|
|ThyssenKrupp Materials Services GmbH||Head of Governance and Procurement||Germany|
|Toptip Holding Pte Ltd||Consultant||Singapore|
|TRUTZI SRL||Purchase Manager||Romania|
|Tsingshan Group||Sales Manager||China|
|U.S. Department of Commerce||Commercial Officer||China|
|Vesuvius Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. (Representative Office)||Sales Head||Vietnam|
|Vesuvius Vietnam||Steel Sales Director - SEA||Vietnam|
|Viridios AI||Head of Sales & Partnerships||Switzerland|
|Volvo Construction Equipment Purchasing Europe||Commodity Manager - STR||Sweden|
|Welcome Trading Co Pte Ltd||Director||Singapore|
|Wood Mackenzie||Manager||United Kingdom|
|WUCHAN ZHONGDA FORTUNE LINK INTERNATIONAL CO.,LTD.||Manager|
|XIAMEN C&D||Senior Business Manager||China|
|Yonggang||Export Manager - Wire Rod||China|
|Zao zhuang ppinnovation||Sales Manager|